'''Stephen Crane''' (November 1, 1871 – June 5, 1900) was an American poet, novelist, and short story writer. Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in the literary realism|Realist
tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism (literature)|Naturalism
and Impressionism (literature)|Impressionism
. He is recognized by modern critics as one of the most innovative writers of his generation.
The ninth surviving child of Protestant Methodist parents, Crane began writing at the age of four and had published several articles by the age of 16. Having little interest in university studies, he left college in 1891 to work as a reporter and writer. Crane's debut novel|first novel
was the 1893 Bowery
tale ''Maggie: A Girl of the Streets
'', generally considered by critics to be the first work of American literary Naturalism. He won international acclaim in 1895 for his American Civil War|Civil War